some returns a
boolean value after passing each item in the source array through the test function that you pass in as the first parameter. This makes it well suited to the types of queries that require a simple
no answer. In this lesson we look at 2 practical use-cases for
some. The first shows how it can be used with a ternary operator to switch a
class on an element & the second shows how
some can be used in an
Array slice creates a shallow copy of an array. In this lesson we cover, in detail, exactly what a 'shallow' copy is and how it can trip people up. We go on to look at examples that show to how to copy only the first item, the last item and even how to copy a sub-section of an array excluding the first and last. We end the lesson with a practical example that shows how
slice fits into a workflow that contains other array methods such as
In addition to flat Arrays, programmers must often deal with nested Arrays. For example let's say we have an Array of stock exchanges, each of which is represented by an array of all the stocks listed on that exchange. If we were looking for a stock that matched a certain criteria, we would first need to loop through all of the exchanges, and then all of the stocks within.
In these situations, most developers would nest two loops. However in this lesson we will write a new Array function "concatAll" which will automatically flatten nested arrays buy one dimension. This will remove the need to ever use a nested loop to flatten a nested array.
Sort can automatically arrange items in an array. In this lesson we look at the basics including how to sort an array of strings alphabetically and the correct way to perform a numerical sort on an array of numbers. We finish as always with a practical use-case that shows not only
sort in action, but also how it can be chained together with other array methods such as
Recursion is a technique well suited to certain types of tasks. In this first lesson we’ll look at solving a problem that requires the flattening of arrays without using recursion. Showing the shortcoming of a non-recursive solution first will help you to understand why it’s so valuable and why sometimes it's the only solution to many problem.
By making use of closures and lexical scope, we can achieve "private" properties by returning objects with methods from a factory function. By defining our desired "private" variables within our factory function and accessing these variables from within our returned object's methods we create a closure and maintain unique, separate references to our "private" variables.
In this lesson we solidify our understanding of how to flatten collections. This is perhaps the most important skill when learning to program without loops. We will try our hand at flattening not just a two dimensional collection, but a three-dimensional collection. Later on it will become clear how these skills relate to asynchronous programming.
In this lesson we touch on just a few of the Array methods:
indexOf is used to search for a value or reference inside of an array. In this lesson we first look at what values are returned when a search is successful vs when it's unsuccessful. Then we move onto a technique that shows how to use the return value to create a boolean flag that can be checked easily. We end by filtering 1 array based on the existence of a value in a whitelist array.
Both map and filter do not modify the array. Instead they return a new array of the results. Because both map and filter return Arrays, we can chain these functions together to build complex array transformations with very little code. Finally we can consume the newly created array using forEach. In this lesson, we will learn how to build nontrivial programs without using any loops at all.
Additional jsbin: https://jsbin.com/qipina/edit?js,output
In this lesson we manage to remove all of the nested loops that helped us towards a partial solution in the first lesson. We create a function
getTasks, that can, only under certain conditions, call itself. This is the basis of recursion and often leads to cleaner, shorter code that can handle more dynamic input.
The join() method joins all elements of an array into a string. In this lesson we first look at why
join is often a better option than regular string concatenation. Then we move onto an example which shows a simple way of storing lines of text in an array and outputting them with a new line separator and we finish by looking at ways to chain multiple array methods together.
By utilizing immutable data structures, we can write code that is easier to reason about, avoid mutation-related bugs, reduce complexity, and even gain some performance benefits along the way.
Before diving too far into Facebook's Immutable.js library, let's take a moment to examine some of the pains and obstacles that mutable data structures present.
Array to use Immutable.List in order to address a mutation-related "bug" caused by multiple objects "sharing" a mutable structure (array) by reference.
One very common operation in programming is to iterate through an Array's contents, apply a function to each item, and create a new array containing the results. For example, let's say you wanted to loop through an array of stock objects and select only the name for display on screen. In this lesson we will demonstrate how to use the Array's map method to easily perform this operation with less code than a loop would require.
Concat creates a shallow copy of an existing array that includes any arguments you pass to it. In this lesson, we look at using concat for adding additional values to an array then cover some more useful features such as accepting other arrays as arguments & how to chain concat with other array methods such as
One very common operation in programming is to iterate through an Array's contents, apply a test function to each item, and create a new array containing only those items the passed the test. For example, let's say you wanted to loop through an array of stocks and select only those with the price larger than a certain value. In this lesson we will demonstrate how to use the Array's filter method to easily perform this operation with less code than a loop would require.
Array filter creates a new array with all elements that pass the test implemented by the provided function. In this lesson we discuss how only a truthy or falsey value is required as the return value to the function, which in turns allows us to be creative in how we perform the filter. We end the lesson by looking at an example showing how chaining multiple array methods together can lead to very nice, declarative code.