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    Connect Video to a Room with React Hooks in Gatsby

    Jason LengstorfJason Lengstorf
    gatsbyGatsby
    >=2.15.7

    Now that we have the ability to get tokens and create rooms, we need to actually start hooking into rooms.

    In this lesson, we'll create a function in our custom hook that will create a DOM node to display the video HTML element that Twilio returns. Because Twilio directly creates DOM nodes, we'll use refs to put those into React.

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    Transcript

    Transcript

    Instructor: 0:01 Now that we have the ability to get tokens and create rooms, we need to actually start hooking into video. To do that, we're going to add a new function inside of our custom hook that will connect to a room.

    0:13 What we need to do first is, up at the top of the file, we're going to import the connect function from Twilio video. We're also going to need a ref, which I'll talk a little bit more about in a moment.

    0:26 Inside of useTwilioVideo, below our getRoomToken function, we're going to create a new one called connectToRoom. This is going to be an async function because we're going to be making some request to the Twilio API.

    0:40 First, we're just going to make sure that we're logged in before we do anything. If there is no token, we're just going to bail. We'll immediately return.

    0:48 Assuming we have a valid token, we want to create a room. We do that by awaiting a call to a connect function to Twilio.

    0:56 We pass in the token as a first argument and an array of options as the second.

    1:02 We want to pass in the name, which is going to be the room name that was chosen by our user. We want to turn on audio. We want to set some limits for the video, so we'll set it to 640 pixels. We're going to set the log level to info.

    1:18 This is only for debugging purposes. In a production app, you probably would not want to set this log level.

    1:24 Just in case something goes wrong, we're going to add a catch. At the moment, we're not really going to do anything with that. We're just going to let ourselves know that something has gone wrong.

    1:33 We'll say "unable to join the room" and then we'll just drop in the error message so that we can figure out what actually went wrong.

    1:43 Now that we have a room, we can get the local track, which is our video from our computer. This is actually already set up by the room, so we can just pull it out of that video.

    1:53 We'll get local track = and then we're going to spread the room.localParticipant.videoTracks.Values.

    2:04 This is a hacky way to get at this, but .values is not technically an array, so we're spreading it into an array to make sure that it is one. Then, we're going to get the first value and the track off of there. That is our local track.

    2:19 Once we have a local track, we need to be able to connect that to something. The way we're going to connect it is we want to put this into a ref.

    2:29 The track is going to give us an actual video element like and HTML DOM element. That's not really compatible with React because React uses the VDOM. We're going to use the ref escape hatch to make that work.

    2:42 Twilio tracks are classes that have methods attached to them. One of the ones that we can use is called attach.

    2:50 If we run local track.attach, this will give us back a DOM element. It's an actual video HTML element that's ready to be inserted into the DOM, which is not a React component, which means that we need to use a ref to insert it.

    3:04 To create a ref, we're going to go up to the very top of our useTwilioVideo and we're going to create videoRef. That's going to be a React ref using the useRef hook.

    3:16 We only want to add this video if the ref doesn't already have a local video. Anytime the component re-renders, we would want to make sure that we're not attaching multiple copies of the same thing.

    3:28 We're going to check first to see if videoRef.current has child nodes.

    3:33 We haven't actually created the component yet, but we're going to use a div for this. Inside of here, we're going to be able to say that if we don't have child nodes, then we know it's empty. We want to actually drop that in.

    3:47 We'll say videoRef.current.appendChild and send in the local element.

    3:54 To actually call our connect to room function, we're going to create a little helper that will let us call it as we need it. We'll call it start video and that is going to be a function that just calls connect to room.

    4:07 We're going to pass that out as one of the options in our custom hook. We also want to pass out that videoRef, so that we're able to connect that to our React app.

    4:18 In order to keep track on whether or not there's an active Twilio room, we also want to hold on to this room variable and make it something that's available in state. To do that, we're going to add a dispatch that's going to use a new action that we're going to call setActiveRoom. That's going to send in the room.

    4:41 Up in our reducer, we need to actually handle that case so we can set case setActiveRoom and that needs to return state in the room as action.room.

    4:54 In order to make sure we're actually tracking it, we need to add the room to the default state.

    4:58 Next, let's open up our video display component. We're going to pull in start video and the videoRef from useTwilioVideo.

    5:08 Inside the use effect, we want to check if the state.room does not exist and we need to start the video. Because we're using start video, we also need to track that to avoid a hooks warning.

    5:22 Then, outside of here, we're going to set up a fragment so that we can have multiple components in here. We'll set up a div with a class name of chat and a ref of our videoRef.

    5:37 Now, whenever Twilio does anything with video, it's going to insert those videos into this div. this is the hub for everything that Twilio does.

    5:46 We can test this by heading out to our app, adding a name and a room, and joining. It's going to ask us if we can use the camera. Once we click allow, it inserts our local video. Hello!