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    JavaScript's Call Stack


    JavaScript has a concurrency model based on an "event loop". Yet, we know that JavaScript is single-threaded, which means only one task can happen at a time. To understand how JavaScript has a concurrent model yet is single threaded, we'll take a look at how the browser is working to interpret your JavaScript.

    Specifically, we'll start by looking at the Stack implemented by browser engines (e.g. V8 or SpiderMonkey). The JavaScript engines use the call stack to keep track of what functions are running -- a function is added to a stack when the engine reaches a function that needs to be executed, and it cleared from the stack when the function returns.