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    Handle prop namespace clashes with Higher Order Components

    Kent C. DoddsKent C. Dodds

    One problem Higher Order Components face is they share the props namespace with the other props the user wants to pass to that component. In this lesson, we’ll take a look at how we can resolve these naming conflicts.

    reactReact
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    Transcript

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    Instructor: 00:00 I added this myEvent component, which is pretty cool. It takes an event, and it has an One prop, when the event fires, that on function is going to be called. I click on this, and the alert fires, which is pretty neat.

    00:12 If I go up here to myEvent component, let's say I wanted to only render this button when on is true in the toggle, so when it's toggled on. Then I want to hide it when it's toggled off. That would be pretty easy to do, because I have this width toggle higher order component factory that I could just wrap things up in just like this.

    00:32 Then we'll assign that to a variable. Then I render it, and now I have the toggle context in my component. Now, I can just say on, then render the button, otherwise null. I'll save that, and it's still rendering.

    00:49 It still works, which is nice, but it doesn't change based off of the state of the toggle component. The reason this is happening is because the on prop is actually already being provided for us from my event component.

    01:01 We're experiencing a prop-namespace clash here. If I go up to the implementation of our higher order component, it renders our component with the toggle context, which is great. That's what we're looking for.

    01:13 Then it renders it with the props. That's also great. We need to have that as well, but these are sharing a namespace. If there's a toggle context prop called on, which there is, then it's going to be overwritten by any prop that is also called on.

    01:28 That's based on the order here. If I change the order around, then the toggle context is going to win. That's great. Now, it's disappearing properly, but if I click on it, it's not going to work, because now on is a Boolean instead of a function.

    01:42 One way to get around the prop-namespace clash is by namespacing your props that your higher order component is passing to the component that it's rendering. That's what we're going to do. We'll say toggle equals the toggle context.

    01:56 Now, everywhere that's using width toggle, we'll need to get all the toggle state and helper functions from the toggle prop. Let's go ahead and refactor things around a little bit. Now, we're going to say toggle. Then we can just say toggle.on.

    02:12 If we say that, then pretty much everything's going to be broken, because we still need to update everywhere else that's using width toggle. Let's keep on going.

    02:20 These two props are both coming from the toggle context, so let's pull those out. We'll destructure toggle instead, and do a nested destructuring of those two original props. Now, my toggle should be working.

    02:33 Great, those two components are working. Let's make the rest of this work. We'll go up to the built-in components here, and children is still going to come from the original props, but on for both of these is going to come from the toggle context prop.

    02:48 We'll say toggle and destructure the on prop. Cool, so now if I turn it on and off, that one's working. Then it's finally the toggle button. We'll pull both of these out. We'll pull out the toggle prop, and we'll do a nested destructuring of on and toggle from that.

    03:08 Now, I can click on this, and that works. Everything's wired together properly. In review, the reason that we had to do this was because we had a prop-namespace clash. You can't really predict the types of props and types of components that people are going to want to integrate with your higher order component.

    03:25 It's a good idea to either choose props that have a namespace in themselves, or give your props a namespace. Now, there's not too much that we could do if we wanted to have this myEvent component also accept a toggle prop.

    03:39 There's still a namespace clash there, but this is a little bit better. It allows us to avoid props like common props clashing in the namespace.

    Discuss

    Discuss