By utilizing immutable data structures, we can write code that is easier to reason about, avoid mutation-related bugs, reduce complexity, and even gain some performance benefits along the way.
Before diving too far into Facebook's Immutable.js library, let's take a moment to examine some of the pains and obstacles that mutable data structures present.
Array to use Immutable.List in order to address a mutation-related "bug" caused by multiple objects "sharing" a mutable structure (array) by reference.
for loops and then talk about the alternate style and benefits that Lodash offers.
In this lesson we solidify our understanding of how to flatten collections. This is perhaps the most important skill when learning to program without loops. We will try our hand at flattening not just a two dimensional collection, but a three-dimensional collection. Later on it will become clear how these skills relate to asynchronous programming.
In this lesson we touch on just a few of the Array methods:
In addition to flat Arrays, programmers must often deal with nested Arrays. For example let's say we have an Array of stock exchanges, each of which is represented by an array of all the stocks listed on that exchange. If we were looking for a stock that matched a certain criteria, we would first need to loop through all of the exchanges, and then all of the stocks within.
In these situations, most developers would nest two loops. However in this lesson we will write a new Array function "concatAll" which will automatically flatten nested arrays buy one dimension. This will remove the need to ever use a nested loop to flatten a nested array.
Both map and filter do not modify the array. Instead they return a new array of the results. Because both map and filter return Arrays, we can chain these functions together to build complex array transformations with very little code. Finally we can consume the newly created array using forEach. In this lesson, we will learn how to build nontrivial programs without using any loops at all.
One very common operation in programming is to iterate through an Array's contents, apply a test function to each item, and create a new array containing only those items the passed the test. For example, let's say you wanted to loop through an array of stocks and select only those with the price larger than a certain value. In this lesson we will demonstrate how to use the Array's filter method to easily perform this operation with less code than a loop would require.
One very common operation in programming is to iterate through an Array's contents, apply a function to each item, and create a new array containing the results. For example, let's say you wanted to loop through an array of stock objects and select only the name for display on screen. In this lesson we will demonstrate how to use the Array's map method to easily perform this operation with less code than a loop would require.
By making use of closures and lexical scope, we can achieve "private" properties by returning objects with methods from a factory function. By defining our desired "private" variables within our factory function and accessing these variables from within our returned object's methods we create a closure and maintain unique, separate references to our "private" variables.
Additional jsbin: https://jsbin.com/qipina/edit?js,output