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    Testing React Forms with Enzyme

    Tyler ClarkTyler Clark

    In this lesson we walk through four different sets of tests. We have a built out form that on submit, sends an ajax request with the inputed information. We walk through how we can test default options, simulate user input, actually submitting the form, and saving a snapshot of the form's layout.

    reactReact
    ^16.0.0
    jestJest
    Code

    Code

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    Transcript

    Transcript

    Instructor: 00:00 I've got a basic React form here that accepts name, email, and a phone number. This is a checked input box for opting into promotions.

    00:09 When the form is submitted an AJAX API method is called with the inputted information. You can see in the code that we're using state to keep an up-to-date record of the inputted information. This opt-in property is for the checked box promotions.

    00:26 We've got three handle event methods, the handleChange method updates the state of the corresponding input element that's being updated. Our handleSubmit makes sure that the page doesn't reload once this is submitted and calls the API addUser method with our state information. Finally our handlePromotionClick method updates our input checkbox state on click.

    00:54 Our form's HTML has data attributes throughout that we'll use inside of our tests as selectors. Data attributes give us more security as classes can change with tools like CSS modules. With our form ready to go we can now begin testing its behavior with Enzyme.

    01:11 We've got our basic setup of dependencies here to get up and running with our tests. Let's write our describe block with our form component.

    01:21 Before we dive into actually writing out our tests, let's make a game plan. It's best to think about how will our users interact with the form, then to write unit tests to make sure our form answers that question.

    01:33 We know that our users will automatically be opted into receiving promotions by default unless they click the box, so we're going to test for that. We can also tell our users need to be able to input their information, and then to actually submit the form which will call our API method. Finally we want our form to stay in this order, name, email, number, so let's set a snapshot test at the end.

    02:00 For our first test we'll say test received motions default is true. Inside this block we'll do const wrapper equals shallow, our form component. Then const promotional input equals wrapper.find, our data attribute on that input that we called checked.

    02:20 Now expect that our input dot props dot checked is true. Once we save that we'll see that our test instantly passes. To make sure that this works right, we'll pass false and watch it fail. Perfect, now I'll change it back.

    02:36 We're able to easily find our checkbox input with the find method on our shallow rendered component. Then the props method that we're using on the actual promotion input element returns all the element attributes. Since this element has the checked attribute on the element, we can assert that it is true by default.

    02:57 Let's write our next test. Say, test that allows user to fill out form. Then we'll do const wrapper equals shallow, our form component. Now we're going to need to use the find method to find each input field and then use the simulate method to simulate a user typing into that input box. We'll also need to send in a mocked event object for each input that holds that new text.

    03:22 If we did this one at a time it will probably look pretty bloated, so let's make a helper function. We'll do const updateInput equals a function with wrapper, instance, and new value parameters. Const input equals wrapper.find in our instance. Then we'll simulate a change with an event object where our value is our new value and we'll return the new wrapper updated.

    03:46 With that in place we can now do update input on each one of our individual input boxes. The first one we'll check is the name input. We'll find that data test ID, give it Tyler. We'll do the same thing for email.

    04:00 This needs to be a string. We'll say test@Gmail.com. We'll do number input and we'll make up some number.

    04:09 With that in place we can basically copy this type of format where we check the props on each one of these inputs and we make sure that they match the correct string. I'll paste in those expects here and save it. You'll see that for our name input we expect the value to be Tyler, for our email it's test@Gmail, and then our number is our made-up number.

    04:33 We take a look at our terminal and see that this passes. Make sure that this works. We could mess with our number and see that that still works.

    04:46 To recap, we made this helper function that accepts a wrapper or a shallow render component a selector which will find our individual instant input and the new value we want the provided input to update to. Then we use the simulate method to mock a simulated event, in our case an onChange, and passes through a mocked out event object with our new value.

    05:11 Then we assert that those inputs work accordingly by checking the props' values on each one of them. Finally, let's wrapper.fnd our promotional checkbox and simulate a click and then expect that this checkbox switches from true to false.

    05:28 With that saved off we have now successfully tested the user's ability to update the form with their information, including opting out of the promotional box. Next up we're actually going to test that the form submits and calls the API. Let's copy this test because it's going to have a lot of duplicated logic in it.

    05:48 We'll rename it to submitsTheForm and then we'll use Jest's spy on method to spy on our API addUser method. We're going to mock the user implementation where we just return a resolved promise with a mocked-out data object.

    06:05 Now we can remove the const variables, update our find method to find the form, and simulate our submit with an event object here. Next we can get rid of these expects and run a new expect that our API addUser method is called with Tyler, our test@Gmail and our made-up number.

    06:25 If we save this and open up our terminal we'll see that now this test passes. To recap, we're using Jest's spy on method to mock out our API method addUser. We tell it to just return a resolved promise with a data object.

    06:42 Then we find the form and simulate a submit event. We need to pass through this event object because we call this preventDefault method inside of our component. Finally we test that our API is not only called but called with the right parameters.

    07:02 Finally, let's finish up by writing a test for our snapshot where we'll const our wrapper and shallow render it. We'll expect to JSON a wrapper to match snapshot. After saving this and opening up a terminal we'll see that our snapshot is written and our test suites all passed.

    07:22 Writing the snapshot test gives us assurance that our form will stay in this layout that we have here.

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