Instructor: Let's say we have a function sum that takes two parameters, a and b, which are both of type number, and it simply adds those two numbers and returns them. We then want to ask the user to enter a first number and a second number. Eventually, we want to call sum with these two numbers and output the result.
We read the first and the second number using stdin().read_line, but since first and second are both of type string, we can't pass them to sum because sum expects numbers. Let's say we would call sum with first and second. Save the file and run the program. We'll see that Rust won't be able to compile the program because the expected type is of u32, but what we've passed down was a string.
To fix that, we create a new variable a of type u32. We first trim the input to make sure that there's no carriage returns and new lines. Then, we call a method parse() which tries to parse the string into a number, then we do the same thing for the second value.
After that, we update the sum function to take a and b. When we run this, the compiler will still complain because we defined a and b to be type u32, however, parse returns something of type result. The result type is like a wrapper that either resolves with an error or a value.
There's different ways to go about this. The easiest is to call a result::unwrap() method, which will simply say, "If this result does not emit an error, it will resolve with the value." However, otherwise, the program will panic. Let's call unwrap on both results and run the program again.
The compiler still warns about the fact that the result of read_line is not handled, but we can ignore that for now. Now our program asks us to enter a first number and a second number. We'll see that it properly adds the numbers and tells us the result. If the parse function fails, unwrap will cause our program to panic.
Let's run the program again and enter something that is not a number. Rust tells us that our program has panicked when we tried to unwrap a result. The cause of that was a parse_int error, which is the underline error which has been emitted from the parse function.
It's very important to note that unwrap should only be used for quick developments. For production-ready code, errors should be handled differently.