In the browser, that would be window. It doesn't matter whether or not we are in strict mode. A top-level this always refers to the global object. Now let's switch over to node. At the top level, this is equivalent to the global object as well, which is called global.
However, that is only true within the node REPL. Let's execute the same line of code within a node module. Suddenly, we get false. This is because, in the top-level code of a node module, this is equivalent to module.exports.
If we now run the program again, we get true. The node engine runs each module code inside of a REPL function. That REPL function is invoked with a this value set to module.exports. In a future lesson, we are going to discuss how to invoke a function with a specific this value using either call, apply, or bind.