The core of any shopping experience is simply being able to see what the store has to offer! This includes what products are available and how much each one of them costs.
While we can do this in a variety of ways, a common way is to show a grid of products where we can see everything the store has to offer (or a lot of it). Using some HTML and CSS, we can create our product grid allowing our customers a look into our store.
The default Next.js template has 'cards' that will serve us well in displaying the products that we want to sell. We will upgrade these cards to handle images and be positioned and styled to our liking.
Colby Fayock: [0:00] We're going to start off with the new Next.js app, where I've updated the title in the description to my Space Jelly Shop. Inside our code, we can see that it pretty much looks exactly the same as a create Next.js app except we updated the titles. Our goal is to create an online store, where we can sell products.
[0:13] The first thing we want to do is actually add the products. For an easy way to get started, we can simply reuse these cards that already exists to add our products. For my store, I have three products that I want to add -- a T-shirt, a set of stickers, and a combo pack that includes both the T-shirt and stickers.
[0:27] In my code, I'm going to find that first card. I'm going to replace documentation with the title. I'm also going to replace the paragraph tag with my description. I also went ahead and did the same thing for the next two cards in the list, but since we only have three products and we have four cards, we can go ahead and get rid of the last one.
[0:41] If we look at the app, we can see that it's already updated with our product information. Part of what really sells products is being able to show an image of it, so people know what they're buying. Let's add images to each one of these cards.
[0:52] To prepare to add the images to the project, I added three image files directly to my public folder including the combo, the stickers, and the T-shirt.
[1:00] Because we made that available inside of our public directory, that means that we can access those images statically as /images and the file name. Inside of my first card, I'm going to create a new img tag and I'm going to reference that first image with /images spacejellytshirt.jpg. I'm also going to set an alternate tag of Space Jelly T-shirt, close that tag.
[1:21] If we look at the browser, we can already see that our image is inside the app, but it's huge. By default, Next.js doesn't have any styles included that prevents images from growing beyond their container.
[1:30] To prevent this, I'm going to open up my globals.css file. In the bottom, I'm going to add image max-width = 100 percent. Now, if we look at the app, we can see that the image looks a little bit better. Back inside my code, I added images to the next two product cards, and we can see that those, load as well.
[1:45] Finally, when we're showing our products in our shop, we're actually showing a list of products. In the code, we're currently using a div for the grid and a couple anchor tags for the products. While that works, it's probably more semantic and accessible to use something like an unordered list, so that we're using a list element for our HTML.
[2:02] We can pretty easily update that by first changing the div to an unordered list. For each of our cards, I'm going to create a list element that's going to wrap each of those anchor tags. To make sure that our cards are still styled properly, we can move this class name prop from each of those anchor tags to our list element.
[2:19] Once we do the same thing for each of our cards, we can see that the page updated but it's not quite right anymore. To start, we need to remove the default styles for our list element. If we open up our home.module.css file, we can start by on our grid, we can add list style = none. That will get rid of the bullets next to each item.
[2:36] Next, these are probably too big, and we don't want them in a single column. We also want to make sure that any time we have this percentage value, it's going to take into consideration the margin on each of the sides. Let's change this 45 percent to calc 50 percent, so that we have two columns minus two rem, which includes the margin on each side of the product.
[2:55] Now, if we open our browser, we can see that we're back to two columns. Because we have a wider screen here, we might want our products to be wider, and have three columns when it's that size.
[3:04] To solve that, we can add a new media query. We're going to type out, media, we're going to say min-width, let's say 960 pixels. Inside that, we're going to define the card class. We're going to say flex-basis, let's say calc 33.33 percent minus that same two rem.
[3:23] We can immediately see that we're at three columns. It's a little squished. Let's widen that up a little bit. Since our grid is what's containing that size, let's set the max-width of our grid to 60em. When we open the page, we can see that it's nice and wide, and we can see all three products.
[3:37] To see the effect of the two versus three columns depending on page size, we can first open up our Chrome DevTools, and we can change the size of this panel so that when it's below 960 pixels, we get two columns, but when it's back above 960 pixels, we have three columns.
[3:53] Finally, if you noticed, each of our cards have a little bit different height and because of that, it doesn't look uniform across the top. You see a stagger effect. To fix that, we can update our align items to stretch. Now if we look back at our page, we can see that our cards are nice and uniform and the same size.
[4:08] In review, we took our store, we added some products. We also made sure that each of those products inside of the cards take advantage of the size of the screen.
[4:16] We were able to do that by first, updating the product and information for each of the cards as well as adding an image, and then updating our div to an unordered list with each list element.
[4:25] With a few tweaks to our pre-existing styles, including a media query, we have our shop with our product cards.