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    Use Asynchronous Blur Validation while a Form is being Filled out using redux-form

    Rory SmithRory Smith

    During the user’s process of inputting, we can make an API call to present information to a user even before the form has been submitted. This can be useful because it means the user can find out about the validity of their information without filling out the entire form first. For example, we can tell the user whether or not their desired username is available immediately after they input it.

    reactReact
    ^16.0.0
    reduxRedux
    ^3.0.0
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    Transcript

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    Instructor: 00:00 Using Redux Form, we can provide asynchronous validation when the form is submitted. In this example, we're checking to see if the user's specified username is available. We can also perform this task as the form is being filled out, we wouldn't need to wait until submit.

    00:20 To do this, let's go to the submit method of our registered form container. We're going to cut the if statement, which checks if the username is available. The submit method is going to simply be an alert that shows the values of the form field.

    00:39 Then we're going to head over to validation/index.js, which is where the rest of our validation functions live. We'll write a new function called asyncValidate which takes values. Here, we can paste in the if statement from before.

    01:01 Instead of throwing a submission error which comes from Redux Form, we can just return promise.reject, passing in an object. The object key corresponds to the name of the form field.

    01:19 Currently, we'll be able to see the results of this function immediately. In a real-world situation, we would need to wait until the database is queried. Let's simulate some latency.

    01:33 We'll write a function called sleep, which takes milliseconds and returns a promise. We're going to use setTimeout, passing in resolve and the milliseconds value. Then, we can use async/await to provide one second of time until this is evaluated.

    02:02 Now, let's hook this to our register form. We need to import asyncValidate from validation. Inside our decorator, we need to pass in asyncValidate, but we also need to specify the fields which will be asynchronously validated.

    02:23 To do this, we provide asyncBlurFields, which is an array. In this case, we're going to pass username. Let's save and refresh now.

    02:39 Now, we get our "Username already taken" message as soon as we blur the field. The user doesn't need to wait until they submit to find out this information. However, because of the green border which turns red, it appears as though the value becomes valid, and then instantly becomes invalid.

    03:02 Ideally, we want to show the user that something is happening while we get the information from the server. Let's add some styles which assist the user.

    03:15 We're going to head over to fields/index.js, which is where our form fields are. Inside our getValidity class name function, we're going add an if statement, and the meta object will provide us with whether or not the field is asynchronously validating.

    03:38 We can say meta.asyncValidating. If this is true, let's return asyncValidating. This will add asyncValidating as a class name to our custom input outer div.

    03:58 Now, let's open our CSS file. At the bottom, we can add asyncValidating. We want to target the input. The border color can be gray to differentiate between either red or green. We're going to use an animation which is going to pulse between gray and white. This will give the impression that some action is happening.

    04:27 The animation iteration count is infinite, and the animation duration is 1.4 seconds. Now, let's write our gray pulse animation. At zero percent, border is gray. At 50 percent, it's very light gray, almost white, and at 100 percent, back to gray.

    05:02 Let's save and refresh now, and let's add some information. Now when we enter our username field and blur the field, we can see the border change color. This is happening in the one second of time which we added with our mock latency.

    05:24 This will get reevaluated every time the field is blurred. In this case, we have a valid username, the border goes back to green.

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